New Jersey voters will for the first time cast their ballots for president predominantly by mail in November.

Gov. Philip D. Murphy, a Democrat, announced Friday that the upcoming general election would be conducted using mostly mail-in ballots to ensure voters’ and poll workers’ safety during the pandemic.

The governor, citing the success of the state’s predominantly vote-by-mail primary election last month, said all 6.3 million New Jersey voters would be sent ballots to return either by mail, in person or into secure drop boxes.

“Making it easier to vote does not favor any one political party,” Mr. Murphy said, “but it does favor democracy.”

There was also a lag time in collecting and counting the mail-in primary ballots, which had to to be postmarked by July 7; the official results of all the races were not certified until last week.

Still, the winners of most races were clear within hours or days, much sooner than some people had anticipated. Ms. Kennedy’s most formidable Democratic opponent, Brigid Callahan Harrison, conceded the race about 20 minutes after polling locations closed.

Elizabeth Matto, director of Rutgers University’s Center for Youth Political Participation, said it would be crucial for New Jersey and other states that are relying heavily on mail-in ballots to invest in “extensive, accurate, nonpartisan” voter education, especially in areas hardest hit by Covid-19.

“People shouldn’t have to chose between voting and their health,” Professor Matto said.

But she said it would also be important to provide ample in-person voting options, especially in a presidential election when turning out to the polls can be a point of pride.

“You want to go get the sticker,” she said. “You want to take your kids into the voting booth.”

But the success of New Jersey’s shift to a predominantly mail-in election will depend on persuading enough people to cast ballots by mail to avoid long lines that could increase the spread of the virus among voters and poll workers.

Mr. Trump has assailed the Postal Service in recent months, growing increasingly critical of mail-in voting and issuing repeated warnings about the possibility of election fraud.

On Thursday, he repeated an unfounded claim that the election could be rife with fraud if mail ballots were widely used. And he made clear that he opposed Democratic demands for additional funding for the post office to ensure it had the capacity to efficiently process an increased volume of mail.

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